Vitamin K is basically a vitamin that is soluble in fat and is also an important factor in anti hemorrhaging. The ones that naturally occur are vitamin K1 and vitamin K2. The K1 vitamin is yellow viscid oil while K2 vitamin is a yellow crystalline solid. Both of them can be destroyed by alkali, alcohol and light.
Normally you will find that vitamin K deficiency may take place in almost any age group of people but it is more commonly found in infants.
VK, a vital, lipid-soluble vitamin that has an important role in the production of coagulation proteins, is found in green, leafy vegetables and in oils, such as soybean, cottonseed, olive, and canola oils
Since food is the main place from which a person can get Vitamin K, you can augment this by eating the right foods. Most of the vitamin K will be drawn chiefly into the terminal ileum within the lymphatic system. This means that bile salts and proper absorption of fat along with villi that is functioning normally are vital for the efficient up take of vitamin K. In case a normal and healthy person goes without Vitamin K in his or her diet for a week, the reserve in the body will be enough to still sustain them
What are the reasons behind vitamin K deficiency?
As a matter of course, the deficiency of vitamin K will reduce the level of prothrombin and other dependent coagulation factors resulting in poor coagulation and leading to bleeding. The deficiency of Vitamin K can lead to infant mortality and morbidity. It can be the reason for causing hemorrhagic disease in infants which can occur within a week of the birth. In affected infants it can lead to intracranial hemorrhage. These occur due to the following reasons:
- Poor transmission of lipids and vitamin K by the placenta
- The liver is immature with regard to prothrombin synthesis
- The milk from the breast is low in vitamin K
- The gut is sterile during the initial days of life